"To be" is a verb used to describe something or someone. It can be used to say different things according to the context. But the most common use of the "to be" verb is to talk about names, age, feeling, nationalities and professions.
"To be" verb is usually irregular. Since "to be" verb is usually irregular, its written in different ways according to the subject.
Be This is the most common form of the verb. Is mostly used in imperatives and infinitive. E.g"b" shine wanda aka fi amfani dashi, kuma yawanci an fi amfani dashi gurin jaddada muhimmancin abu, sannan kuma ana amfani dashi tare da kalmomi waɗanda basa sauyawa a cikin jimla. Misali
I like to be in my parents' house. Zan so na kasance a gidan iyaye na.
Present (am, are)
Present form of this verb is mainly used in simple present and its meaning can change according to context. Present form of "to be" verb is usually shortened in writing. E.g
|I am not||I'm not|
|you are not||you aren't|
|he is not||he isn't|
|we are not||we aren't|
Past (was, were)
To be can change its form again in past tenss. E.g
|I was||I wasn't|
|you were||you weren't|
|she was||she was not|
|they were||they weren't|
Some example of the past form of the to be.Wasu daga cikin past tense na kalmar to be
You were 30 years old last year. shekarar data wuce kana da shekaru talatin.
Sani and Jamilu were students, now they are teachers. a da Sani da Jamilu ɗalibai ne, amma yanzu malamai ne.
It was raining in Kano a while ago. an yi ruwa ɗazu a Kano.
Past participle (been)
This is verb with passive tense and past perfect tense.
Ahmad and Usman have been working for an hour. Ahmad da Usman sun kasance suna yin aiki na tsawan sa'a ɗaya.
He has been a lawyer for a year now. Shekara ɗaya kenan yana yin aiki a matsayin lauya.
The continuous form of the to be verb is used to make up the continuous tenses. E.g.
Ahmad is being helpful. Ahmad ya kasance mai taimako.
The "to be" verb both in its present and past forms can be used to make passive sentences.
The meeting is being held right now. ana kan yin taron yanzu haka.
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