Rubutun wasiƙa ya kasu zuwa kashi uku
  1. Formal letter (wasiƙar ban girma)
  2. Informal letter (wasiƙa wacce bata ban girma ba)
  3. Semi formal letter (wasiƙa wacce wani sashi nata na bangirma ne)

Formal Letter

A formal letter is an official letter that can be write for example to apply for a job, for complaints e.t.c. It can also be a business letters to companies, editors of newspapers and magazines.

Formal letter wasiƙa ce ta ta hukuma wacce za a iya rubutata misali domin neman aiki, domin yin ƙorafi da dai sauransu. Za kuma ta iya kasancewa wasiƙa ta kasuwanci wacce za a aika zuwa ga kamfanoni, mawallafan jaridu da mujallu da dai sauransu.

The structure and nature of a formal letter (tsari da kuma fasalin rubuta formal letter)

1. The writer's address

This is sender's address that can be written at the top right hand. And date should come below the address including the day and month

1. ADIRESHIN WANDA YA AIKO DA SAƘON: Ana rubuta adireshin wanda ya aiko da saƙon ne a sama daga hannun dama, sannan a sanya kwanan wata a ƙasan adireshin.
2. Recipient's Address

This is the address of the person to whom you're writing the letter. This kind of address is written at the left-hand, below the writer's address.

2. ADIRESHIN WANDA AKA AIKO MA WASIƘAR

Wannan shine adireshin mutumin da kake rubuta wasiƙar dominsa, ana rubutashi ne a hannun dama ƙasa da adireshin mai rubutu.
3. The Salutation

Salutation is written after the recipient's address. Salutation are phrases such as Dear sir, Dear Madam, Dear Mallam Hasan, Your Excellency e.t.c

3. KALMAR GIRMAMAWA

Ana rubuta kalmar girmamawa a gaban adireshin wanda za'a aikawa wasiƙar. kalmomin girmamawa waɗanda aka fi sani sune kamar haka "Dear sir" (ana amfani da wannan ne kawai ga maza), sai "Dear Madam" (ana amfani da wannan ne kawai ga mata), Dear Mallam Hasan, Your Excellency, da dai sauransu.
4. The Title

This contains the reason why you write the letter

4. DALILIN RUBUTA SAƘON

Wannan wani gajeran bayani ne game da dalilin daya sanya ka rubuta saƙon
5. Body of the letter

This contains the whole message you want to send

5. GUNDARIN SAƘON

Wannan ya ƙunshi gundarin saƙon da kake son aikawa
6. The Subscription

This is phrases such as "Yours faithfully" or "Your sincerely" that can be write along with signature and then the writer's name.

6. Haza wassalam

Wannan shine kalmomin "Yours faithfully" ko "Your sincerely" wanda za a rubata tare da sa hannun mai rubutun a layin ƙasa, sannan sai sunanshi da sunan babanshi.

The following is example of formal letter.

Box 59, Sabon Gari L.G.A. Kano State
8 March 2019


The general manager Albabello Trading company.
No. 50 Sabon Gari Main Market, Zaria, Kaduna State.
    JOB APPLICATION FOR PERMANENT STAFF
Following your advertisement that I saw this week, I decided to apply for the position of permanent staff in your company. My name is Ibrahim Yakubu. I am from Sabon Gari of Kano state. I completed my secondary school in Sabon Gari where i obtained my first school leaving certificate. And then proceed to Federal college of education Kano where I obtained my diploma. I was then admitted to the federal university of technology Kano, where I graduated with a second class, I also have three years working experience when I worked with General Motors.
I hope my application will be considered and following are the photocopies of my credentials I attached them to this email.


Yours faithfully
(signature here)
Ibrahim Yakubu

Informal Letter

Informal letter is a letter you can write to your relatives, family members, classmates, co-workers. e.t.c.

Informal letter wasiƙa ce wacce ake rubutawa zuwa ga dangi, yayyi da ƙanni, abokanen karatu, abokanen aiki da dai sauransu

STRUCTURE OF INFORMAL LETTER

Tsarin yanda ake rubuta informal letter

1. The writer's address with date

Just like formal letter, informal letter too should start with address, the address should be at the top right hand. Also name of your country should be indicated if you are writing a letter that will be delivered abroad. Date should be written below the address also

1. ADIRESHIN MARUBUCI DA KUMA KWANAN WATA

Ana fara rubuta informal letter ne ta hanyar rubuta adireshin marubuci daga sama a hannun dama, sannan a sanya kwanan wata a ƙasan adireshin sannan kuma ana buƙatar ka rubuta sunan ƙasarka idan ƙasar waje zaka aika da saƙon
2. Salutation/Greeting

Salutations for informal letters are phrases such as: Dear Yusuf, My dear, Dear mother, Dear father, Dear brother, Dear sister, Dear uncle, e.t.c.

2. Kalmar Girmamawa ko Gaisuwa

Kalmomin girmamawa da ake yin amfani dasu a informal letter kalmomo ne irin waɗannan: Dear Yusuf, My dear, Dear mother, Dear father, Dear sister, Dear uncle, da dai sauransu.
3. Body of the letter

This contains the whole message you want to send

3. Gundarin saƙo

Wannan shine gundarin saƙon da za a rubuta
4. The Subscription

Subscription can be something like "Your friend Yusuf", "Your lovely sister", "Yours Maryam" followed by your name

4. Haza wassalam

Haza wassalam na informal letter shine kalmomin rufewa kamar haka: "Your friend Yusuf", "Your lovely sister", "Yours Maryam", sannan daga bisani sai ka sanya sunanka.

The following is example of informal letter

Misalin informal letter

No. 11 Lagos Street Sabon Gari Zaria Kaduna State
7 September 2023


Dear Sarah.
"I am very grateful that you sent me the document yesterday, and that is the reason why I write this letter to thank you for the prompt response. I also want you to send me additional document within two days if you get time.
    My regards to Mum and Dad.
Your lovely sister, Mary

Semi Formal Letter

This is letter we write to people that are known to us that we admire such as district heads, our teachers, lecturers, school principal or Imams.

Semi formal letter wasiƙa ce da ake rubutawa zuwa ga mutanen da muke martabawa, kamar dai malamanmu, malaman jami'a, shugabannin makarantun sakandare ko limamai.

STRUCTURE OF SEMI FORMAL LETTERS

Tsarin yanda ake rubuta semi formal letter

1. The writer's address with date

Just like formal letter, semi formal letter too should start with address, the address should be at the top right hand. Date should be written below the address also

1. Adireshin mai rubutu da kuma kwanan-wata

Ana fara rubutun semi formal letter ne ta hanyar rubuta adireshin mai rubutu a sama daga hannun dama sannan a sanya adireshin marubucin a ƙasa.
2. Salutation

Salutation for semi formal letter can be something like "Dear Mr John", "Dear Mrs Halima", "Dear Sir", "Dear Madam" e.t.c

2. Kalmar girmamawa

Kalmomin girmamawa da ake yin amfani dasu a semi formal letter sune kalmomi irin su "Dear Mr Jorn", "Dear Mrs Halima", "Dear Sir", "Dear Madam", da dai sauransu
3. Introduction

Introduction for semi formal letter should be something like this

"Following the recent events that happened in this community, I hereby write this letter to appreciate these developments"

3. Gabatarwa

Gabatarwa da ake yin amfani dashi a semi formal letter zai iya zama abubuwa makamancin wannan

"Following the recent events that happened in this community, I hereby write this letter to appreciate these developments"
4. Body of the letter

This contains the whole message you want to send

4. Gundarin saƙon

Wannan shine ilahirin saƙon da kake son ka isar
5. Conclusion

Conclusion for semi formal letter should be something like this "I hope my suggestion would be considered"

5. Rufewa

Ana amfani da jimla makamanciyar wannan domin rufe semi formal letter "I hope my suggestion would be considered"
6. The Subscription

The subscription for semi formal letter is phrase such as "Your sincerely"

6. Haza wassalam

Kalmomin da za a iya yin amfani dasu domin yin haza wassalam zai iya kasancewa kalma irin su "Your sincerely"
7. The Signature

This is your full name

7. Sa hannu

A nan ana buƙatar ka sanya cikakken sunanka

The following is example of semi-formal letter

Wannan shine misalin wasiƙar semi-formal letter

No. 11 Mamman Daku Street Sabon Gari Zaria Kaduna State
7 September 2023


Dear Mr William

Following the recent events that happened in this community, I hereby write this letter to appreciate these developments. Our community was really in need of hospital, culvert and good roads and I am grateful that with your help all this has been achieved within short period of time. I will really appreciate if our power transformer has been upgraded too.

I hope my suggestion would be considered

Your sincerely, Yusus M. Bala


Aika Zuwa

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