A clause is a group of word that contains a subject and a verb. There are many types of clause in English but we can only give example of two hereClause wasu kalmomi ne waɗanda a koda yaushe suke ƙunshe da wanda ya aikata wani aiki da kuma aikin da aka aikata. A kwai clause masu yawa a turanci amma a wannan shafin zamu bayar da misalan guda biyu ne kawai.
A main clause (also known as independent clause) are words that have subject and verb and therefore it can work alone as a complete sentence on the basis that it have complete meaning.Main clause (ana kuma kiransa da independent clausa) kalmomi ne da suke ƙunshe da wanda ya aikata aiki da kuma aikin da aka aikata. A don haka za a iya amfani da main clause domin gina cikakkiyar jimla mai ma'ana.
Example of Main Clause
Subordinate clause cannot work alone as a sentence because it lacks complete meaning; it relies on main clause to give complete meaning.Amma subordinate clause ba zai iya gina jimla mai ma'ana shi kaɗai ba, yana dogara ne da main clause domin bayar da cikakkiyar ma'ana
Example of subordinate clauseAfter four years of study.
The above sentence is not a complete sentence because it need additional information
to give meaning. That is the reason why subordinate clause is called dependent clause.
But if we combine the main clause and subordinate clause together we will get complete sentence as follow:
He graduated from university after four years of study.you can see that we have complete sentence now that we combined the two clauses together. A duba wannan misalin: After four years of study. Wannan jimlar wacce take nufin "bayan karatun shekaru huɗu" ba cikakkiyar jimla bace domin kuwa tana buƙatar ƙarin bayani domin ta bayar da cikakkiyar ma'ana.
He graduated from university after four years of study.. ma'ana: ya kammala karatun jami'a bayan karatun shekaru huɗu.
He uses eyeglass for reading (main clause) because his eyesight deteriorated. (subordinate clause)
He know the situation doesn't concern him, (main clause) hence he doesn't involved. (subordinate clause)
As he approached the town, (subordinate clause) he saw five people in front of the house. (main clause)
I can't do without internet, (main clause) as long as I have money. (subordinate clause)
I will definitely tell him the story (main clause) once I saw him. (subordinate clause)
After we had talked on the phone (subordinate clause) I wrote down what we had decided. (main clause)
Everyone enjoyed the fishing trip (main clause) although no one caught any fish. (subordinate clause)
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