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1. FIRST PERSON:

(mutumin ko mutanen da suke magana)
  1. First person singular (mutumin da yake magana): i, me, my, mine.
  2. Example:

    I like football. ina son ƙwallon ƙafa.

    Fetch me some water. ɗibo min ruwa.

    My car spoiled on the road. motata ta lalace akan hanya.

    That car is mine. wannan motar tawa ce.

  3. First person plural (mutanen da suke magana): we, us, our, ours
  4. Examples

    We enjoy the movie. muna jin daɗin film ɗin.

    We have a paranoia that society hate us. muna tsarguwa da cewa jama'a sun tsane mu.

    That is our house. wannan gidanmu ne.

    This house is ours. wannan gidan namu ne.

2. SECOND PERSON:

(mutumin ko mutanen da ake yi musu magana)
  1. Second Person Singular: (mutumin da ake yi mashi magana): you, your, yours.
  2. Examples

    Do you love him? shin kina son shi?

    Where are your parents? ina iyayenka?

    That car is yours, i bought it for you. wannan motar taka/taki ce, na sayo ne domin ka/domin ki

  3. Second person plural (mutanen da ake yi musu magana): you, your, yours
  4. Do you love your parents? shin kuna ƙaunar iyayenku?

    Where is your teacher? ina Malamin ku?

    Is that house yours? shin wannan gidan naku ne?

3. THIRD PERSON

(mutumin ko mutanen da ake magana akan su)
  1. Third person singular (mutumin da ake magana akan shi): he, she, him, her, his, hers.
  2. Abin lura! Duk wata kalma ta aiki (verb) data biyo bayan "third person singular" in dai har tana present ce, to akan sanya mata "s" ko "es" a ƙarshe (ya danganta ga irin kalmar)

    Misali:

    He prefers mobile phone to laptop. ya fi son waya akan laptop.

    She describes her father as a tall man. tana siffanta mahaifinta a matsayin dogon mutum.

    He embraces her. yana rungumanta.

    Idan Kalma ta ƙare da s,x,ch, ko 'o', to za'a sanya mata 'es' ne domin mayar da ita "third person singular". Misali

    KalmaThird Person Singular
    TouchHe touches the phone's screen
    WashShe washes the trousers in her apartment.
    WatchShe watches war film each night
    FinishShe finishes on time.
    FixHe fixes the computer's errors.
    GoShe goes to school 7 days a week.
    BrushHe brushes his teeth daily.

    Idan kalma ta ƙare da harafin "y" kuma sannan harafi ne kafin "y" ɗin ba wasali ba, to akan samar da third person singular ɗin shi ta hanyar canza "y" ɗin zuwa "ies". Misali:

    KalmaThird person singular
    CarryHe carries his daughter.
    StudyShe studies physics.
    FlyHe flies up on plane

    Amma idan akwai wasali kafin "y", to akan sanya "s" ne kawai domin maida kalmar third person singular

    KalmaThird person singular
    PlayHe plays football
    EnjoyShe enjoys her company.
    ObeyHe obeys his parents.
    SayShe says something

    Amma waɗansu kalmomin sun sha banban.

    First person singularThird person singular.
    I amHe is
    I haveHe has

    Kalmomi irin su "shall, will, can, may, must, da kuma ought basa canzawa a third person singular.

    First Person singularThird person singular
    I shallHe shall
    I willHe will
    I canHe can
    I mayHe may
    I mustHe must

  3. Third person plural (mutanen da ake magana a kansu): they, them, their, theirs
  4. Examples

    They prefer orange to banana. sun fi son lemu fiye da ayaba.

    That is their House. wannan shine gidan su.

Aika Zuwa

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