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Idan kuka duba ilahirin kalmomin dake cikin kamusun mu, zaku ga kusun kowace kalma tana dauke da haruffan furuci na IPA (wato international phonetic alphabets) wasu haruffa na kasashen duniya da ake anfani dasu gurin rubuta yadda ake furta kalmomin kowane yare na duniyan nan. Sanya wadannan haruffan furucin da muka yi yana da muhimmanci domin mutane su fahimci yadda ake furta kowace kalma ta turanci. Galibi yanda ake rubuta kalmomin turanci ba haka ake furta su ba. Don haka yana da muhimmanci a duk lokacin da mutum yake shakka akan yadda ake furta kalma to ya duba a kamus.

Wannan karamin shafin mun tsara shine musamman domin fahimtar da mutane IPA na kalmomin turancin Birtaniya.

  1. Haruffa (consonants)


  2. A turanci muna da haruffa guda goma sha biyar kaman haka. b, d, f, h, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, and z. Ganin cewa da akwai banbance banbance tsakanin yadda ake furta wasu haruffa tsakanin turanci da kuma Hausa, zamu yi anfani da kalmomin turanci ne domin misalta yadda ake furta haruffan turanci.

    IPA

     

    Misalai

    ɡ

    as in

    get  

     

    chip 

    ʤ

     

    jar 

    x

     

    loch

    ŋ

     

    ring

    θ

     

    thin

    ð

     

    this

    ʃ

     

    she

    ʒ

     

    decision

    j

     

    yes

  3. Wasulla (vowels)
  4. IPA

     

    Misalai

    Short vowels

     

     

    a

    as in

    cat

    ɛ

     

    bed

    ə

     

    ago

    ɪ

     

    sit

    i

     

    cosy

    ɒ

     

    hot

    ʌ

     

    run

    ʊ

     

    put

    Long vowels

     

     

    ɑː

     

    arm

    ɛː

     

    hair

    əː

     

    her

     

    see

    ɔː

     

    saw

     

    too

    Diphthongs

     

     

    ʌɪ

     

    my

     

    how

     

    day

    əʊ

     

    no

    ɪə

     

    near

    ɔɪ

     

    boy

    ʊə

     

    poor

    Triphthongs

     

     

    ʌɪə

     

    fire

    aʊə

     

    sour

Yana da Muhimmanci mutum ya fahimci wadannan IPA, Amma idan kana ganin hakan duk jidali ne, to ta kwana gidan sauki, tunda dai a yanzu akwai saututtuka na yanda ake furta kowace kalma na turanci wadanda za'a iya saukarwa akan na'urorin zamani. Yaku iya yin anfani da wannan shafin www.fromtexttospeech.com domin saukar da duk wata kalma koma jimla ta turanci da ake son koyan furucin ta.

Amma yana da muhimmanci a duk lokacin da mutum zai saukar da furucin kalma ya sani cewa turancin Birtaniya (British English) shine turancin da muke anfani dashi a Naijeriya ba Turancin Amurka (American English) ba. Da yawa daga cikin masu kera manhajojin Turancin Ingilishi Amurkawa ne da suke anfani da turancin Amurka, kuma sauda yawa da akwai banbance banbancen yanda ake furta kalmomi tsakanin turancin Amurka dana Birtaniya.

Aika Zuwa

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