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Kalmomin da za'a iya samar da past tenses nasu ta hanyar sanya musu haruffan 'ed' (ko kuma 'd' kawai idan kalmar tana da harafin 'e' a karkenta), sune ake kira 'regular verbs.. Kalmomin da baza a iya maida su past tense ta hanyar sanya musu haruffan 'ed' ko 'd' ba sune ake kira 'irregular verb'. irregular verb. sun banbanta da regular verb, don kuwa ana bukatan mutum ya koye su daya bayan daya saboda su kowanne yanayin yanda ake yin past tense ya banbanta.

Tebur din na kaso ya kunshi jerin dukkanin 'irregular verbs' da ake yin anfani dasu a turancin ingilishi wadanda ya kamata ace dalibin dake koyon turanci ya kiyayesu. Domin su ba kaman 'regular verbs' bane wadanda suke da saukin mayarwa zuwa 'past tense' ta hanyar sanya 'ed' ko kuma 'd' (idan kalmar ta kare da harafin 'e'), a'a su sai ka koyesu daya bayan daya. Zaku iya samun ma'anar kowace kalma idan kuka latsa link na kalmar.

Present TensePast TensePast Perfect
arisearosearisen
awakeawokeawakened
beatbeat beaten
becomebecame become
befallbefell befallen
begetbegot/begat begot/begotten
beholdbeheld beheld
beseechbeseeched/besought beseeched/besought
besetbeset beset
betbet bet
betakebetook betaken
beginbeganbegun
bindboundbound
buybought bought
bidbid bid
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
breedbred bred
buildbuilt built
burnburnt/burned burnt/burned
bustbust/busted bust/busted
castcast cast
catchcaught caught
comecamecome
cleavecleaved, cleft, clove cleaved, cleft, cloven
clingclung clung
costcost cost
cutcutcut
dealdealt dealt
divedived dived
dreamdreamt, dreamed dreamt, dreamed
dwelldwelt, dwelled dwelt, dwelled
drawdrewdrawn
drivedrovedriven
feedfed fed
feelfelt felt
fitfitted fitted
fleefled fled
flingflung flung
fightfoughtfought
foretellforetoldforetold
forgiveforgaveforgiven
flyflewflown
freezefrozefrozen
givegavegiven
gowentgone
grindgroundground
growgrewgrown
hanghung, hangedhung, hanged
heaveheave, hoveheaved, hove
hewhewedhewed, hewn
hithithit
hidehidhidden
hurthurthurt
inputinputinput
insetinsetinset
knowknewknown
kneelkneltknelt
knitknitted, knitknitted, knit
leadledled
leanleanedleaned
leapleapt, leapedleapt, leaped
learnlearnt, learnedlearnt, learned
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
letletlet
lielaylain
makemademade
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
mistakemistookmistaken
mowmowedmown, mowed
overrideoverrodeoverridden
overrunoverranoverrun
paypaidpaid
proveprovedproven
quitquitquit
readreadread
rendrentrent
resetresetreset
ridridrid
runranrun
sawsawedsawn
seesawseen
seeksoughtsought
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
sewsewedsewn, sewed
setsetset
shakeshookshaken
shearshearedshorn, sheared
shedshedshed
shineshone, shinedshone, shined
shitshit, shatshit, shat
shoeshodshod
shootshotshot
showshowedshown
shrinkshrank, shrunkshrunk
shutshutshut
simulcastsimulcastsimulcast
sitsatsat
slayslewslain
sleepsleptslept
slideslidslid
slingslungslung
slinkslunkslunk
slitslitslit
smellsmelled, smeltsmelled, smelt
smitesmotesmitten
sowsowedsown, sowed
standstoodstood
stavestavee, stovestavee, stove
stickstuckstuck
stealstolestolen
speedspeeded, spedspeeded, sped
spellspelt, spelledspelt, spelled
spendspentspent
spillspilled, spiltspilled, spilt
spinspunspun
spitspatspat
spoilspoiled, spoiltspoiled, spoilt
spreadspreadspread
springsprangsprung
stingstungstung
stinkstank, stunkstunk
standstoodstood
strewstrewedstrewed, strewn
stridestrode---
strikestruckstruck
stringstrungstrung
strivestrovestriven
sweepsweptswept
swellswelledswollen, swelled
swingswungswung
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
telltoldtold
thinkthoughtthought
throwthrewthrown
thrustthrustthrust
treadtrodtrodden, trod
understandunderstoodunderstood
bearboreborne
bendbentbent
bleedbledbled
bitebitbitten
bringbroughtbrought
choosechosechosen
creepcreptcrept
digdugdug
drinkdrankdrunk
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen
findfoundfound
forgetforgotforgotten
getgotgot
hearheardheard
holdheldheld
keepkeptkept
laylaidlaid
lightlitlit
loselostlost
riseroserisen
ringrangrung
rideroderidden
putputput
saysaidsaid
singsangsung
sinksanksunk
speakspokespoken
swimswamswum
swearsworesworn
teartoretorn
wakewokewoken
weavewovewoven
wetwetwet
windwoundwound
withdrawwithdrewwithdrawn
wringwrungwrung
writewrotewritten
wearworeworn
winwonwon
weepweptwept
windwoundwound

Aika Zuwa

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